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Nanak says: “Man is born of woman as woman is born of man.” Then, why is it that we find sexual immorality in the world? 7-8-1945
Home >> Chronology of Mahatma Gandhi’s Life


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Chronology of Mahatma Gandhi’s Life
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(October 2, 1869-January 30,1948)

1869

:

Oct 2- Birth at Probandar, Gujarat, son of Karamchand and Putlibai Gandhi

 

1876

:

Primary Schooling begins in Rajkot, where his family moved

 

1881

:

Entered high school in Rajkot

 

1883

:

Married to Kasturbai

 

1885

:

Father’s death at 63

1887

:

Passed Matriculation examination, joined Samaldas College in Bhavnagar for one term only

1888

:

Birth of first son, and sailed from Bombay for England to study law in September

 

1891

:

Returned to India, started law practice in Bombay and Rajkot

 

 

1893

:

April-Sailed for South Africa for an Indian firm’s case, faced racial discrimination in South Africa

 

1894

:

Persuaded by Indians there to stay in South Africa to do public work and law practice

 

1896

:

Returned to India for six months to take back his family to South Africa

 

1899

:

Organized the Indian Ambulance Corps for British in Boer War

 

1901

:

Returned to India with family, promising to return to South Africa if the Indians needed his services.

 

1901-02

:

Travelled in India, Attended the Calcutta Congress Session, also opened law office in Bombay

 

 

1902

:

Returned to South Africa after request by Indian community there

 

1903

:

Opened Law office in Johannesburg

 

1904

:

‘Indian Opinion’ Journal Started by him, Phoenix farm Established near Durban, inspired by Ruskin’s ‘Unto this Last’

 

1906

:

Organised Ambulance Corps for Zulu Rebellion’

Celibacy vow taken

 

11th September. First Satyagraha Campaign launched with Johannesburg meeting against the Asiatic Ordinance directed against Indian Immigrants

 

 

1907

:

June. Satyagraha against the ‘Black Act’ forcing compulsory registration on Asians

 

 

1908

:

Jan. First imprisonment for Satyagraha

 

Aug. Second Satyagraha campaign began with bonfire of registration certificates

 

 

1909

:

Wrote ‘Hind Swaraj’ while returning to South Africa

from England

 

 

1910

:

Established Tolstoy Farm near Johannesburg

 

 

1913

:

Nov. Third Satyagraha begins with the “great march” of 2000 Indian miners from Newcastle against repressive laws

 

 

1914

:

Satyagraha suspended following;

Jan. Agreement between Smuts, C.F. Andrews and Gandhiji and the passage of Indian Relief Act

 

July. Left South Africa – sailed back for India with family and friends

 

 

1915

:

Jan. Arrived back in India to a rousing welcome

 

May. Established Satyagraha Ashram at

Kochrab near Ahmedabad

 

 

1916

:

Feb. Inaugural Speech at Banaras Hindu University

 

 

1917

:

Champaran Satyagraha for right of peasants

on Indigo Plantation

 

 

1918

:

Led strike of mill workers at Ahmedabad and succeeded in achieving peaceful settlement in the favour of mill workers. Undertook his first fast in India

 

 

1919

:

First all India Satyagraha conceived against the Rowlatt Bills denying all Civil Liberties to Indians

 

Became editor of ‘Young India’ and ‘Navajivan’

 

 

1920

:

Elected President of All India Home Rule League launched non-co-operation movement. Gave up his Kaiser-e-Hind medal

 

 

1921

:

Mass Civil Disobedience, thousands arrested Gandhiji entrusted with ‘Sole executive authority’ on behalf of Congress

 

 

 

1922

:

Suspended the mass-movement following

Chauri-Chaura violence

 

 

1923

:

Wrote ‘Satyagraha in South Africa’ and part of his autobiography in prison

 

1927

:

Bardoli Satyagraha launched under Sardar Patel’s leadership

1930

:

‘Purna Swaraj’ declared on 26th January 1930.

 

March 12. Historic Dandi March begins from Sabarmati under his leadership to break the Salt Law

 

April 6. Breaking of Salt Law on the seashores of Dandi by him. The Salt Satyagraha begins in full earnest

 

                             May. Bapu arrested

 

1931

:

The Historic Gandhi-Irwin Pact signed

 

August - Sailed for England to attend the Second Round Table Conference, Resided at Kingsley Hall in London slums, met dignitaries, visited universities, besides attending the conference.

 

December - Visited Switzerland to meet Romain Rolland and Italy where he met Mussolini.

 

1932

:

September - Began Epic Fast in Yervada Prison against British decision of seperate electorate for untouchables, ended it in the presence of Gurudev when the Yervada Pact was accepted by the British.

 

1933

:

Began weekly Publication ‘Harijan,’ began the nationwide campaign against untouchability                 

 

Disbanded Sabarmati Ashram, Converted it into a centre for removal of untouchability.

 

1934

:

Launched All India Village Industries Association

 

 

1936

:

Selected Segaon, Near wardha, to be the next Ashram, better known as Sevagram Ashram.

 

1937

:

Untouchability Removal campaign continued with visits to the South.

1938

:

Tour of NWFP with Badshah Khan. 

 

1940

:

Launched Individual civil-disobedience Satyagraha with Selection of Vinoba Bhave as the first Individual Satyagrahi.

 

1942

:

Failure of Cripps Mission.

 

August Launching of the Quit India Movement-nation wide Satyagraha began-under his leadership.

 

Arrested and put in Pune’s Agha Khan Palace with Ba, Mahadev Desai and others. Mahadev Desai died here.

 

1944

:

Kasturba’s death at 74, ending 62 years of married life.

 

1946

:

March met British Cabinet  Mission in New Delhi

 

November – Began peace mission in 49 villages in East Bengal to stop Communal Carnage.

1947

:

March- Bihar tour to stop communal riots there.

 

March met the Viceroy Lord Mountbatten in New Delhi

 

May- Opposed decision to accept partition of India.

 

August 15,fasted and prayed in Calcutta, to end the communal killings there.

 

9 September Came to Delhi to prevent riots and give solace to the grieving humanity, stayed at Birla House, now Gandhi Smriti

 

1948

:

January 13- Last fast of his life- 5 day’s fast in Delhi for communal unity.

 

January 20- Bomb explosion in Prayer Meeting at Birla House.

 

January 30- Assasinated in 78th year of life at Birla House Prayer Grounds by Nathuram Godse End of epic life in its physical form but immortal in spirit.